Sir:      Gary E. Gilley’s ET essays on Pietism and subjective Christianity lack historical and theological objectivity. German Pietism was not rooted in Lutheranism but started in the 1660s in Reformed and formerly Reformed areas along the rivers Ems, Ruhr, Rhine and Lippe in Lower Germany; in Würtenberg and Alsace in Upper Germany and in Reformed Switzerland. The German church-based movement, pioneered by Theodor Undereyk, a Reformed pastor, was influenced by Swiss, Dutch, English, Scottish and North German Reformed teaching. Undereyk’s work spread from the Ruhr district into neighbouring countries, including Belgium whose persecuted Protestants were given asylum in Mülheim. This pietism was grounded in the… Full Article

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