Church History

Hooker and the Counter Reformation: Part Three

Modern Anglicanism and Dissent no criteria for judging the immediate Post-Reformation period      In the following essays, I will continue to look at the radical views of the proto-Presbyterians in general and Cartwright’s and Travers’ view of church discipline in particular, especially regarding the episcopacy, and compare them with those of Jewel and Hooker and other English Reformers who were true to the official Confessions of the Church of England at that time. Sadly, most of those critics who use Cartwright and certain contemporaries nowadays to bring the Church of England in Reformed times into disrepute cite what he allegedly said during his day and compare that with the sad state of the Church of England today. This is an… Full Article

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Richard Hooker and the Counter-Reformation: Part Two

A revolution in language and dress demanded      It was during Hooker’s days that a major innovation occurred in English Protestant theology regarding the ministry of the church. It was initially a mere linguistic thrust encouraged by new, democratic ideas. As such, it was relatively harmless but the movement quickly took over republican and oligarchic ideals which eventually meant the end of the English Church, the English way of life and the English form of government. Most of these would-be ‘reformers’ felt they were bringing more effective organizational methods from the Continent into Britain and even adopted Continental dress to stress their reforming fervor. Actually, their views were so insular that the Continent… Full Article

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Hooker and the Counter-Reformation Part One

The Real Teaching of Richard Hooker      Dr Roger Beckwith opened his essay entitled ‘The Real Teaching of Richard Hooker’ by saying:      Hooker was a second-generation Reformer. He did not have the task of distinguishing Anglican theology from that of Roman Catholics or Anabaptists. This had been done by the first-generation Reformers Cranmer and his colleagues, and their conclusions had been embodied in the Anglican formularies, especially the Thirty-nine Articles, from the teaching of which Hooker never strayed. Hooker’s task was the more sensitive one of defending Anglican theology against other Protestants, who wanted to alter it. His great book ‘The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity’ is this defence. He uses some new… Full Article

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The Decline of Rome in the Ruhr District

The improved state of the Reformed faith in Germany     Some vocal British Protestants bolster their arguments against their country’s European Union membership by pointing out that Europe, excluding Britain, is firmly in the hands of the Vatican. This thinking also opens up old wounds regarding Germany who is seen as the leading Roman Catholic country in Europe. Germany, after the Reformation, was never fully in Rome’s hands and Protestants and papists were equally numbered, but the new millennium has brought with it radical changes in Protestant-Roman Catholic ratios, especially in Germany. Whereas Rome is growing rapidly in power in England, Germany is experiencing a steady growth in Protestant influence and in many… Full Article

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