Biographies

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Three

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Two Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Three Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Four Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Three The New Babel Confusion.      Before Charles was placed in his coffin at Whitehall, it became clear that a number of the judges, now faced with punishment, had refused to sign the death warrant and others had been compelled to sign by force. Cromwell is said to have examined the head of the King at Whitehall to make sure it was totally severed and he was really dead, before saying, ‘If… Full Article

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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Two

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Two Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Three Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Four Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Two Cromwell’s swift rise to power      Now sitting firmly in his cavalry saddle in the war against the King and the Church of England, Cromwell was soon reimbursed by Parliament of all his expenses in building up his personal army. Before entering officially into the Civil War, in May, 1641, Cromwell signed a Commons’ vow, ‘To maintain and defend as far as Lawfully I may, with my life,… Full Article

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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Two Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Three Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer Part Four Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658): Rebel, Republican and Reformer The difficulty of finding an apt title      The most difficult task facing a recorder of Cromwell’s life is finding an apt title for his subject. Whatever positive attribute one finds in Cromwell’s character, and one finds far more than in other great leaders of nations, there are as many shadows and shades present which threaten to subvert them. Cromwell could be all things to different men… Full Article

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Henry Bullinger (1504-1575): Vater und Hirte der Reformation

Teil I. Von Bremgarten nach Zürich (1504-1531) 1. Henry Bullingers Bedeutung für die Reformation      Seit den fünfziger Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts haben sich Reformierten Christen erneut für das Zeitalter der Puritaner interessiert. Die Holländer nennen dies Die Nadere Reformatie oder andauernde Reformation. Diese an sich notwendige Entwicklung kam aber zu einer Zeit, als die Reformation selbst nahezu vergessen war. Wir haben also das Blattwerk des Baumes der Reformation untersucht, ohne zu merken, auf welchem Baumstamm und welchen Wurzeln es wuchs.      Seit dem Neunzehnten Jahrhundert ist relativ wenig Forschung in den Quellen der Reformation unternommen worden. Wir wissen immer noch wenig über unsere… Full Article

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Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575): Vater der Reformierten Kirchen

An article written for Die Kirche, Berlin      Heinrich Bullinger wurde zu Lebzeiten Vater der reformierten Kirchen genannt. Er schrieb mehr reformatorische Werke als Luther, Melanchthon, Zwingli und Calvin zusammen und lehrte die so genannten ‚Fünf Punkte des Calvinismus’ lange vor Calvin. Bullingers Geschichte der Reformation ist die erste gründliche Untersuchung des Ursprungs und Verlaufs der Reformation und Bullingers Institutio (Dekaden) ist das erste große Handbuch der Reformierten Theologie. Sein Zweites Helvetisches Bekenntnis bleibt das Bekenntnis der Reformation und seine Bündnis-, Rechtfertigungs- und Prädestinationslehren sind die Grundsteine der modernen Reformationslehre.      Bullinger… Full Article

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John Durie’s Practical Divinity

A Brief Introduction to Durie’s Life      Born 1596 in Scotland, John Durie was a descendent of noblemen, diplomats, ministers and rebels. When John was a child, James VI forced the family into exile. After extensive school and university studies in France and Holland, John tutored the son of a Huguenot merchant in France. A multi-linguist, he passed as a native citizen of Britain, France, Germany and Holland using variations of his name in each country. In Germany, he was always ‘Johannes Duraeus’.      From 1625-30, Durie served as a diplomat and preached to the merchants and soldiers in Elbing, Prussia, which became Gustav Adolf’s administrative seat in 1626. He started writing on education in 1628…. Full Article

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John Albert Bengel (1687-1752): The Father of Modern Biblical Scholarship

Bengel’s Life Bengel’s birth and upbringing      John Albert Bengel was born in Winnenden near Stuttgart on 24 July, 1687, the son of scholar-deacon Martin Albert Bengel. John’s father began to home-school John early but died of an epidemic fever when John was six. Then Louis XIV’s troops plundered and burnt down the Bengels’ home, destroying the Bengels’ valuable library. Concerning these hard times, John testified that at his father’s death, he received a firm conviction that his Heavenly Father would be his best parent and educator. He began to pray fervently, read the Scriptures and devotional books and sought to walk worthy of God so that he could later say, “My youth was a sea of mercies.” Happily, a friend of… Full Article

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William Carey: Using God’s Means to Convert the People of India (Part 1)

My reason for publishing this account of William Carey and his Indian mission on my website. On 18-21 February, 2010 a conference will be held at Muscle Shoals, Alabama under the theme ‘The Quagmire of Hyper-Calvinism’. The key speaker will be Dr. Michael Haykin who will lecture on Andrew Fuller as a missionary pioneer. The myth that Andrew Fuller pioneered a missionary movement is superstitiously believed by Dr. Haykin and his circle but the Baptist Missionary Society Fuller helped to found came at the rear end of a long line of Christian missionary organisations whether church based or, like the BMS, a para-church movement. Andrew Fuller was not the instigator of this missionary society but William Carey who urged the Baptists to… Full Article

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William Carey: Using God’s Means to Convert the People of India (Part 2)

Part II: The Mission Prospers The mission at Serampore prospered and spread. Carey was given the most prominent building in the city for the church in which he preached for the next thirty-four years. The town of Serampore, too, prospered as it proved an asylum of peace for fugitives from the Americo-Franco-British wars and it persuaded many wealthy investors to settle there. More missionaries were urgently needed as Brunsdon soon died of a liver complaint. Fountain, who was doing pioneer work at Dinapoor, also died after a short illness. Thomas rejoined the mission but became insane and soon died. The missionaries were able to purchase a very large house in the middle of the town with two acres of garden from the Governor’s… Full Article

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Henry Bullinger

Henry Bullinger was a pioneer Reformer who, like his contemporary Martin Bucer, has long remained in the shadows cast by Martin Luther and John Calvin. Happily, modern scholarship is revealing both Bucer and Bullinger to have been top rank Reformers in no way secondary to Luther and Calvin. Indeed, modern research shows that Bullinger was a more thorough and consistent Reformer than both Luther and Calvin. Born in 1504 in Bremgarten, Switzerland to a wealthy priest and his common-law wife who later joined the Reformation movement, Bullinger was already treading Reformed paths by 1521 and within the next seven years had produced 86 works on Reformed doctrine which would be entitled ‘Calvinist’ today, though they preceded Calvin’s… Full Article

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