In the December 2009 issue of the BOT magazine, Stuart Olyott argues in his article Where Luther Got it Wrong – and Why We Need to Know About It that Luther believed in a mere ‘Word ministry’ which Olyott identifies as relying wholly on the Word of God for the conversion of sinners and neglecting other pastoral duties, in particular prayer and a trust in God’s immediate and direct action in conversion. He thus denies what he calls ‘mediate regeneration’ whereby God uses means, in this case the Scriptures, to awaken and regenerate sinners. As his title states, Olyott blames Luther for being the original force behind a Word Only ministry. Olyott gave a gabled rendering of Luther’s preaching without declaring his sources. It appears, however, that Olyott’s interpretation is based on a misunderstanding of Luther’s Wittenberg Invocavit preaching in early 1522 where Luther points to the value of the Word of God in combating the superstition of the papacy. Olyott, however, gives no indication of Luther’s true aims in his Wittenberg preaching. In the week of daily sermons apparently in question, Luther’s theme is that one cannot change a Roman Catholic by dragging him out of the Mass by the hairs of his head. Nor can one convert him by means of law. A Christian lives by faith and love; faith in his Saviour and love for his neighbours, not by Law. One cannot thus convert a papist by throwing Bible verses at him as if it were a new law, condemning his behaviour. We must exercise the Word in faith and love through prayer, witness, preaching and writing but not by force. It is clear from Luther’s message and the Scriptures he quotes that when he speaks of ministering the Word, he is talking about gospel witness in general and the Work of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost revealed in the Word in particular. This he puts forward as a better way than the Mass, Imagery and Law. It is this that has brought Rome to its knees. Should we not rather thank God for Luther’s evangelical insight rather than condemn him? Olyott’s view that the Word of God is only there when the Spirit picks up part of it and uses it, which would still indicate mediation, and that God works in and by the Scriptures but not through them or by means of them, is refuted by the very Scriptures he uses, especially in 1 Peter 1:23 which clearly states that it is through the Word that God regenerates. Has Barthianism triumphed in the BOT?